Next month, voters in Africa’s most populous region, Nigeria, will go to the polls to elect the next president.
I chose to come like many kontri pipo not happy because of insecurity and economic difficulties.
But the big question many of them are asking is whether any of the leading candidates, most of them without a political system for decades, could turn the tables?
From high inflation to deadly attacks by gunmen on innocent civilians, the seven-year rule of outgoing President Muhammadu Buhari has left Nigerians without many crises.
His followers say I don’t do better and point to some of my accomplishments, like my work on infrastructure projects and my attempts to fight violent extremism. But not even my own wife, Aisha Buhari, apologizes to the Nigerian pipo for falling short of the day’s expectations.
So whoever wins the election, don’t look for an easy job.
When will the election be?
E will take place on Saturday, February 25, 2023. If there is no clear winner, they will go to the second round that will take place in three weeks. State gubernatorial elections will also be held on Saturday, March 11.
The head of the electoral commission does not dismiss the suggestions and says that they are apt to move for the elections due to insecurity.
Who is running for president?
A total of 18 candidates are campaigning for the top job, but only three have a real chance of winning, according to opinion polls.
Bola Ahmed Tinubu, 70, represents the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) party. I am known as the political godfather of the Southwest region, I have great influence, but I have accusations of corruption for years and poor health, both of which I do not deny. Some say I’m Emi Lokan campaign slogan, we mean “na my turn [to be president]”for the Yoruba language, they show a sense of entitlement.
atiku abubakar, 76, ran on behalf of the main opposition People’s Democratic Party (PDP). I have not run for president five times before, all of which I do not lose. Most of my career has been in the corridors of power, working as a senior civil servant, vice president under Olusegun Obasanjo and a prominent businessman. Like OgaTinubu, they accuse him of corruption and favoritism, they accuse him of not denying it.
Pedro Obi, 61, are hoping to break the two-party system they have not had in Nigeria since the end of military rule in 1999 and are running for the Labor Party. Although I am bin dey PDP until last year, I have great support on social media and among the youth of Nigeria. Obi would be a wealthy businessman who would serve as Governor of Anambra State for the South East from 2006 to 2014. I am a supporter, they call themselves “OBItooths” and say I am the only candidate with integrity, but my critics argue that they say vote for Obi. Not a waste as it is unlikely that he will win.
History suggests saying that a candidate from one of the two main parties is going to win: Oga Atiku or Oga Tinubu. But Oga Obi dey hop supporters say if it’s right, it will be a surprise if it’s right to mobilize the large youth vote to back the morning.
How do the elections work?
To win, a candidate must win the highest number of votes in the entire country and more than a quarter of the votes cast in at least two-thirds of Nigeria’s states.
If neither candidate achieves this, they must go to the runoff, or a runoff, within 21 days between the two leading candidates.
Wetin be di main questions?
Reducing insecurity as a top voter concern, di kontri are currently experiencing a kidnapping-for-ransom crisis and are also battling militant Islamist insurgency in parts of the north.
Two of the most shocking cases last year were the mass shooting at a Catholic church in Owo and the attack by armed men on a passenger train with dozens of pipo killed or kidnapped.
President Buhari says I won’t keep my promise to “courageously and head-on against terrorism” but many Nigerians feel safe.
Say economics to another area of concern. By 2022, inflation is rising for 10 months in a row, only falling to 21.3% according to the latest figures released this month. The rising cost of living does not leave many families struggling to make ends meet, with local media describing the situation as “dire”.
Unemployment is also a major problem, making many graduates afraid to say they won’t find a job even after years of college. The latest figures from di Kontri’s National Statistics Office show that 33% of the population is unemployed, jumping to 42.5% for younger adults.
Despite being a major oil producer, four in 10 Nigerians live below the poverty line and “lack education and access to basic infrastructure, such as electricity, clean water and improved sanitation,” according to the World Bank.
Many of the candidates do not put these issues at the center of the day campaigns.
But these problems don’t build up for several years, leaving some Nigerians skeptical about whether whoever wins the election will actually go and fix them. Despite the large number of registered voters, 93.5 million, concerns about apathy and how many pipo are actually showing up on ballot day.
With nearly 40% of registered voters under the age of 34, dem dey call disselection di “election of young pipo” na chief Mahmood Yakubu, Inec ogat tok dis.
Will it be a free and fair vote?
For previous Nigerian elections, reports of politicians rigging dey na tori wey dei elections, either by provoking violence to scare off voters or by snatching up ballot boxes and stuffing them, always come to light.
But the Independent National Electoral Commission (Inec) says the use of new technology helps ensure that the ballot is secure and unaffected by fraud or tampering.
Anoda tin wey politicians don’t pay poor voters to support them, not even for polling stations.
But the recent change in di naira notes does not make cash scarce and make vote buying more difficult, and security officers also arrest suspects who give or receive money.
The Inec also says that it is illegal for voters to carry phones inside voting booths and take pictures of ballot papers, as proof that vote buyers always demand.
Dem do not attack some Inec offices before the vote. Last November, the electoral body held an emergency meeting on the day’s attacks on buildings, which local media described as a “disturbing trend”.
Anoda complains wey dey ground na about suspicious voter registration. Last year, digital detectives discovered voter cards in the digital voter registry that appeared to have photos of children on them. Di legal age to vote for Nigeria na 18.
Some odes for the preliminary list like to register more than once, they do so by changing their facial expression, clothing, or the way they sit.
At the time of the discoveries, Inec says they are open to help from Nigerians to clean up the registry.
On January 11, the Inec published a new registry, in order to eliminate 53,264 ineligible voters. E also say that underage voters and vote buyers face the law.
What elections of and take place?
In addition to the presidential vote, the public also elects representatives to parliament, the National Assembly.
A total of 469 wey dey legislators made up of 109 Senators and 360 members of the House of Representatives.
Two weeks later, on March 11, general elections will be held to elect governors for 28 of Nigeria’s 36 states.
Do you need to vote?
In order to vote, you must obtain a valid Permanent Voter Card (PVC), we will show that you registered to vote and prove your identity.
Di PVC contains biometric data from di voter, wey di voter go use as additional verification on Election Day. The data is stored for the card.
But I gave the deadline for the collection of PVC on January 29.
To cast your vote, you must appear at your polling station between 08:00 and 14:00 with your PVC. As long as you queue to vote before 2:00 p.m., you will be able to cast your ballot, Inec tok.
Nigerians living abroad are not allowed to vote.
Wetin be BVAS?
This election is different from the previous ones due to the new system that will be used: the Bimodal Voter Accreditation System (BVAS), a device that the Inec will present for 2021 to stop electoral fraud.
The BVAS in a small rectangular box in which we have a screen in which they are technologically more advanced, pass into the smart card readers that we already used before.
The key benefit of di BVAS says you get the ability to dual-identify voters on Election Day through fingerprint and facial recognition. And go stop pipo without valid PVC from voting, as well as those who do not qualify to vote from trying to do so.
Another aspect of di BVAS na says that it uploads the voting results directly to the di Inec results viewing portal for everyone to see, it means saying that the results are not adjusted in a manipulated way.
Although pipo still has concerns about the BVAS after experiencing technical failures for the 2021 and 2022 state elections, the Inec insists that it not resolve the issues.
When will the results be ready?
In the last two presidential elections, I will know the winner after the third day after the vote.
But the votes are counted as soon as voting ends on Saturday, February 25. Those who stay behind to see the polling station result are announced, but there is a long process before all the results reach Abuja from tens of thousands of polling units across the county.
BVAS sped up the process this year, but Inec-appointed officials still need to travel to Abuja from all 36 states with hard copies, so read aloud.
Na after the Inec president goes to announce a winner, or if he needs to do a second round.
Additional reporting by Nduka Orjinmo for Abuja